William Shakespeare Language, Vocabulary and Dictionary
William Shakespeare Dictionary
BACCARE keep back BACKWARD the hinder part; hence, when applied to time, the past BAFFLE embarrass BALKED heaped, as on a ridge BALLOW a cudgel BALM the oil of consecration BAN to curse BANK to sail by the banks BARM yeast BARN a child BARNACLE a shellfish, supposed to produce the sea-bird of the same name BASE a game, sometimes called Prisoners' base BASES an embroidered mantle worn by knights on horseback, and reaching from the middle to below the knees BASILISK a kind of ordnance BASTA enough BATE to flutteras a hawk,abate BAT-FOWLING catching birds with a clap-net by night BATLET a small bat, used for beating clothes BATTLE army BAVIN used as an a piece of waste wood, applied contemptuously to anything worthless BAWCOCK a fine fellow BAWD procurer BAY the space between the main timbers of the roof BEADSMAN one who bids bedes, that is, prays prayers for another BEARING-CLOTH a rich cloth in which children were wrapt at their christening BEAT to flutter as a falcon, to meditate, consider earnestly BEAVER the lower part of a helmet BEETLE a mallet BEING dwelling, inasmuch as BE-METE to measure BE-MOILED daubed with dirt BENDING stooping under a weight BENVENUTO welcome (Italian) BERGOMASK a rustic dance BESHREW evil befal BESTRAUGHT distraught, distracted BETEEM to pour out BETID happened BEZONIAN a beggarly fellow BIDING abiding-place BIGGEN a night-cap BILBERRY the whortleberry BILBO a sword, from Bilboa, a town in Spain where they were made BILBOES fetters or stocks BILL a bill-hook, a weapon BIN been, are BIRD-BOLT a bolt to be shot from a crossbow at birds BISSON blind BLANK the white mark in the middle of a target; hence, metaphorically, that which is aimed at BLENCH to start aside, flinch BLENT blended
BLOOD-BOLTERED smeared with blood BLOW to inflate BOARD to make advances to; accost BOB a blow, sarcasm BODGE to botch, bungle BODIKIN a corrupt word used as an oath. 'Od's Bodikin,' God's little Body BOITIER VERT green box BOLD to embolden BOLLEN swollen BOLTED sifted, refined BOLTER a sieve BOLTING-HUTCH a hutch in which meal was sifted BOMBARD a barrel, a drunkard BOMBAST padding BONA-ROBA a harlot BOOK a paper of conditions BOOT to help, to avail BOOTLESS without boot or advantage, useless BORE calibre of a gun; hence, metaph. size, weight, importance BOSKY covered with underwood BOSOM wish, heart's desire BOTS worms which infest horses BOURN a boundary A brook BRACE armour for the arm, state of defence BRACH a hound bitch BRAID deceitful BRAVE handsome, well-dressed BRAVERY finery Boastfulness BRAWL a kind of dance BREAST voice BREATHING exercising BREECHING liable to be whipt BREED-BATE a breeder of quarrels BREESE the gadfly BRIBE-BUCK a buck given away in presents BRING to attend one on a journey BROCK a badger, a term of contempt BROKE to act as a procurer BROKEN having lost some teeth by age BROKEN MUSIC the music of stringed instruments BROKER an agent BROTHERHOOD trading company BRUIT noise, report, rumour BRUSH rude assault BUCK suds or lye for washing clothes in BUCK-BASKET the basket in which clothes are carried to the wash BUCKING washing BUCK-WASHING washing in lye BUG a bugbear, a spectre BULLY-ROOK a bragging cheater BURGONET a kind of helmet BURST to break BUSKY bushy BUTT-SHAFT a light arrow for shooting at a target BUXOM obedient
Interpreting Elizabethan / Shakespearean Manuscripts and Original Documents
Vital, but little known, information about the Elizabethan alphabet is essential when looking at copies of original manuscripts of the period - examples of which can be found in Shakespeare's ' First Folio '. Learning the alphabet used during the Elizabethan era will no doubt clarify many questions that the differences of the Tudor / Elizabethan alphabet have raised such as "Couldn't Elizabethans spell properly?" and "Why is there so much confusion with the letters 'u' and 'v' and 'i' and 'j' ?Shakespeare translations and understanding the real meanings behind some of the Shakespeare language in the great plays and sonnets can be difficult. And this is hardly surprising when the expressions and their meanings have been obsolete since the Elizabethan era!